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SEND: preparing for adulthood

Preparing for adulthood is a process that all young people go through when they move on from being a teenager and become an adult. It is an exciting time, but it is recognised that this can be a difficult time for some young people, especially those with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). The process can sometimes take longer and need more careful preparation than for other young people of a similar age. In this section you can find out more about the support available in North East Lincolnshire.

The Department for Education has published a guide to EHC plan eligibility for 19-25 year olds. The guidance is available on the website. Alongside the guidance is a tool giving practical suggestions for helping children and young people prepare for adulthood, broken down by outcome and age.

Preparing for Adulthood is a key element of the Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) reforms that aims to improve young people’s achievement of the four key life outcomes (PDF):

  • Employment and further education
  • Living independently
  • The best health possible
  • Having friends and relationships and being able to participate in the local community

The process includes the preparation and planning needed to support young people to move from school to further education choices such as sixth form or college and university. Depending on the needs of the young person, it may include the move from children’s social care and paediatric health services to adult social care and health services.

The SEND Code of Practice Chapter 8 highlights the need for this preparation to start early and centre on the young person’s own aspirations, interests and needs. The Department for Education Outcomes chart (PDF) illustrates the preparing for adulthood outcomes across the age ranges for children and young people with SEND.

When does the process start?

The process starts in Year 9 (age 13 – 14) and can carry on until age 25, if necessary. Young people that have an Education Health and Care (EHC) Plan or a Statement of Special Educational Needs must have Preparing for Adulthood Reviews and receive information, advice and support about their options and choices. All young people with an EHC Plan have an allocated Education, Health and Care Plan Co-ordinator.

Transition pathway

The Local Authority and the Clinical Commissioning Group have worked with and listened to parents, carers and young people and key partners across education, health and social care, employment and housing to develop a transition pathway that will support the achievement of key life outcomes.

The Transition Pathway (PDF) is the route that you will follow as you go through the preparing for adulthood process. We have divided this information up into school years to give an idea of when these things should be happening.

Additional information and support

For more information and resources and to find out a little bit more about what young people can expect to happen as they go through this process have a look at the below sources of information. This information may also be of interest and use to young people with non-statutory Support Plans who receive SEN support in school or college.

Young people age 16 years or above or their parents/carers can contact SENDIASS for independent information, support and advice at any point in the SEND process.

Post 16 further education

The Post 16 further education provision in North East Lincolnshire is listed below. You are welcome to visit any of the settings on their open evenings. The providers themselves recommend this as a first step. If you have made a choice or are trying to decide between two options you can invite the providers to your Year 10 or 11 Preparing for Adulthood Review.

You can ring the provider directly, attend the Open Evenings, speak to your Careers AdvisorSENDIASS or your Education, Health and Care Plan Co-ordinator (if you have one) who will be able to help you arrange a visit.

Post 16 further education providers

Franklin College

Franklin College Chelmsford Avenue Grimsby DN34 5BY

Contact: 01472 875000

Franklin offer Foundation Learning at Entry Level. After making an application potential students will be invited for a meeting/interview and, if necessary, assessed as to whether their individual needs could be met at Franklin.

Grimsby Institute

Grimsby Institute Nuns Corner Grimsby DN34 5BQ


Contact: 0800 315 002

The Additional Learning Support is available to learners offering support and help in the classroom or workshop or with exams. Leaners that indicate on their application form they have support needs will be assessed and offered appropriate support.

Support and help is available with the following:

  • Practical advice and support for physical disabilities and specified learning difficulties such as ADD, AHD, Asperger’s, Dyslexia and other medical or mental health conditions
  • Help to access specialist equipment for your course
  • Support in the classroom and in the wider Institute environment
  • Support for visual or hearing impairment (Blind & Deaf)

Linkage College

Linkage College Weelsby Road Campus Grimsby DN32 9RU

Contact: 01472 241044

Linkage is an Post-16 Specialist Institution. Linkage offer life skills, plus educational and vocational courses.  The student would need to apply to the college, and be assessed by them, before Linkage decide whether they would be able to offer a placement. The following services are also part of their Local Offer: Adult Skills Residential Care, Supported Living, Community Support, Short Breaks and Employment Services. Included in the Local Offer documentation on their web pages are links to an e-Prospectus, an Employment Services brochure, as well as general and College-specific enquiry forms.

Learning 4 life GY

Learning 4 Life GY logo

Learning4life-GY is a unique registered Independent School for 14-19 year old learners offering high quality bespoke education and training. We welcome learners from all backgrounds, abilities and areas.

However, we specialise in the provision of English as an Additional Language and in the provision of individualised packages of education for learners with EHCPs.

What makes us different

Learning4life-GY widen participation in education and skills by supporting all our learners to transition successfully either back into mainstream school; into Further Education; Adulthood or Employment.

Learning4life-GY provide a flexible, supportive and varied programme of delivery. In turn, Learning4life-GY actively hold high expectations in terms of behaviour, attendance and attitudes towards learning.

Student support

Learner support packages at Learning4life-GY are individualised and ensure that all learners have appropriate support in place to support learners in preparation for their next stage in education, training or employment.

The starting point of learners is thoroughly considered in the design of our Curriculum and in also the Support packages designed. As such, we work together with learners, the teaching and support team, and parents/ carers to create a support package that works.

Additional information

Learners at Learning4life-GY have the opportunity to develop their social and communication skills and to develop and maintain effective friendships in a small and community orientated environment. For more information visit Learning4life-GY.


Learning4life-GY is situated close to Grimsby Town Centre and is equally accessible to the main bus routes within Grimsby and Cleethorpes.

Learning4life-GY also work collaboratively with North East Lincolnshire Councils travel trainers and Transport departments to ensure that appropriate transport is in place relative to the needs of each learner.

Further Education 19-25 year olds

The SEND Code of Practice 2015, chapter 8.49 says Local authorities should be ambitious for children and young people with SEN, raising aspirations and promoting high expectations about what they can achieve in school, college and beyond. Local authorities should ensure and young people have access to the right support and opportunities that will prepare them successfully for adulthood by helping them achieve the agreed outcomes in their EHC Plan. This will enable many more young people with SEN to complete their formal education.

EHC plan eligibility for 19 to 25 year olds (PDF)

Adult social care

Support from adult social care can be discussed from Year 9 onwards. A referral will be made around the time a young person turns 16 years old to establish if they are likely to be eligible for support at age 18.

At age 18 responsibility for social care support will pass from children’s social care services to focus adult social care. When young people move into adult social care there may be a charge for some services. Further information on this will be provided at the assessment you can also ask to see the charging policy.

This Preparing for adulthood factsheet provides information on the overlaps between the Children and Families Act and the Care Act.

Contact the Focus adult social care single point of access for more information about their services.

Website: Focus adult social work

Telephone: 01472 256256

Adult health services

Good health is one of the four preparing for adulthood outcomes. As young people prepare for adulthood there are many changes for them to negotiate, including how their health care is managed. Some of the services that young people access may stop at age 16 or 18, therefore it is important to plan how health needs will be met, and by whom, in the future.

Care Plus Group provides adult health and social care services across North East Lincolnshire.

The Community Learning Disability Team provides a range of specialist professionals and services to support adults over 18 years old with a learning disability.

Employability services

Care Plus Group – Employability services

Employability Services deliver two strands under one service – Employability and Supported Employment.

Employability Services supports the skills and worklessness agenda of North East Lincolnshire and promotes social inclusion within communities by opening up a career pathway to sustainable employment and further and higher education for unemployed people aged 16 plus.

This is achieved via a multi award winning Employability ‘Pathway Model’ of initiatives, including:

  • Apprenticeships
  • Internships
  • Young People’s Study Programme
  • Intermediate Labour Market opportunities
  • Structured Voluntary Placements
  • Supported Internships
  • Work trials/taster days

The service works in partnership with other multi agencies who support the skills and worklessness agenda including Jobcentre PlusWork Programme providers, NELC, YPSS, Training Providers, Schools, Adult Social Care and Shaw Trust.

Supported employment

Care Plus Group – Supported Employment

Supported Employment aims to promote social inclusion, increase confidence and overall independence for individuals aged 16 plus with health conditions, learning and physical disabilities. Supported Employment provides specialist support for people with barriers to finding and remaining in work through training, assessment and individual development.

The holistic approach enables participants to make their own choices in finding employment, engaging in vocational training and independent living/housing. In addition, this enhances the quality of life for people with long term conditions and ensures people have a positive experience.

Additionally, Supported Employment can enable an employee to remain in work and offer support with sourcing adaptations in the workplace.

The service includes:

  • A dedicated Support Officer
  • Supported voluntary placements
  • Supported Internships
  • Travel training (if required)
  • On-the-job support
  • Benefit guidance
  • Sign posting to other agencies/organisations
  • Job search support including 1:1 and group job search, CV building, completing application forms and interview techniques
  • Support while attending interviews
  • Support during classroom accredited training
  • Assist in the transition between Children’s Services/education into Adult Services

You can read real life stories about James, Jason and Andrew and how their supported internships led to paid jobs and find out more about our supported internship pathway.

Supported internships success stories and pathway (PDF)


Information on our website for local housing options can be found on our Housing advice and assistance page. For further information about housing and care please visit the Services4me – Care homes and housing options.

Christina now lives in her own flat. You can read Christina’s housing story below.

Preparing for Adulthood  – Real Lives – Christina’s Story

I liked living with Mum & Dad but they live in a village there was not many buses or trains so I always had to ask them to take me in the car to see my friends. I really wanted to live in Grimsby or Cleethorpes so that I could see my friends more often. I was very pleased when I was given my own flat in Cleethorpes through the Housing Project and was excited when I chose and bought a red leather suite to put in my sitting room.

Now I am independent and like the peace and quiet of my own flat. I make my own choices each day and have support to cook my own meals, do the housework and shopping.

I still like going to stay with Dad but always look forward to going back to my own flat.  I have had a person centred plan and I also have a paid job.  I pay Hayley from my Personal Budget; she supports me in my job and meets me off the bus to help me cross the very busy road.

I have a busy life, travel independently and go to activities that I enjoy like the Gym, the Rock Foundation and Foresight where I see a lot of my friends and to Linkage’s Moving on Partnership to develop my life skills.

I enjoy singing and dancing with my friends at the Stamford Club, O’Neill’s or Zebedee. I go to my church – Side Door Church and once a month I help run a church group with my dad for adults with learning difficulties.

I am very happy with my life.

Picture of Christina

Visit the provider websites to see what each has to offer. There are lists of local organisations and day activities on:

We also have a page in our local offer that offers Fun things to do.

Nationally and locally Autistic Spectrum Condition (ASC) is the most common type of special educational need for children and young people with an Education Health and Care Plan or Statement of Special Educational Needs.

Information for adults living with autism can be found on the NHS Direct website.

Further information can be found at the National Autistic Society website.

Related content

Preparing for Adult Website –

Council for Disabled Children – Council for Disabled Children – preparing for adulthood

Helen Sanderson and Associates – Helen Sanderson and Associates