Your child may want to earn some extra pocket money. However, there are laws to protect your child which govern what hours and the type of work children of compulsory school age may undertake.
Any employer who allows a child of school age to work without first obtaining a work permit is breaking the law and could be prosecuted under the Bye-law contained in the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (amended) and the Children (Protection at Work) Regulations 1998. Employers who contravene the rules may face fines of up to £1,000 and find they are not covered by their insurance in the event of an accident.
Employers must inform the Education Welfare Service within seven days of employing a child of compulsory school age. If satisfied with the type of employment, impact on the child’s health, welfare and education, the Council will issue the child with an employment permit.
An employer must produce their employment permit for inspection when requested by an authorised officer or a police officer.
A child must produce their employment permit for inspection when requested by an authorised officer or a police officer.
Children do not need a work permit for work experience that is arranged by school.
Children are considered to be employed if they assist in a business which operates for profit and if they are paid or unpaid. This also applies to the employers’ own children.
Under the Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 and Health and Safety (Young Persons) Regulations 1997, employers must undertake a comprehensive risk assessment before employing a young person.
Employment of children of compulsory school age
May only be employed in light work in one or more of the following occupations:
- Agricultural or horticultural
- Delivery of newspapers, journals and other printed material
- Shop work – including shelf stacking
- Hairdressing salons
- Office work
- Café or restaurant (but not in a commercial kitchen)
- Riding stables, kennels or catteries
- A maximum of 12 hours per week
- A maximum of five hours on any day they are not expected to attend school, except Sundays
- A maximum of 25 hours per week in school holidays
- A maximum of 12 hours per week
- A maximum of eight hours on any day they are not expected to attend school, except Sundays
- A maximum of 35 hours in school holidays
- Without an employment permit issued by the Education Welfare Service at North East Lincolnshire Council
- For more than one hour before school and one hour after school finishes or a period not exceeding 2 hours between the end of school and 7pm
- During school hours
- Before 7.00am or after 7.00pm
- For more than four hours without taking a break of at least one hour
- In any occupation prohibited by local bylaws or other legislation
- Without a two-week break from any work during the school holidays in each calendar year
- in a cinema, theatre, discotheque, dance hall, nightclub, except in connection with a performance given entirely by children for which a license has been granted
- in a licensed betting office
- in a bar or licensed premise during opening hours
- at any machine prescribed as dangerous
- on garage premises or selling petrol
- to sell or deliver alcohol, except in sealed containers
- to deliver milk
- to deliver fuel oils
- in a commercial kitchen
- to collect or sort refuse
- in any work which is more than three metres above ground level or, in the case of internal work, more than three metres above floor level
- in employment involving harmful exposure to physical, biological or chemical agents
- to collect money or to sell or canvass door to door
- in work involving exposure to adult material or in situations which are for this reason otherwise unsuitable for children
- in any slaughterhouse/butcher’s shop or premises connected with the killing of livestock, butchery or in the preparation of carcasses or meat for sale
- as an attendant or assistant in a fairground, amusement arcade by means of automatic machines, games of chance or skill or similar devices
- in the personal care of residents of any residential care home/nursing home